Writing External Scripts

Often you may want to run external scripts that interact with your contracts. Truffle provides an easy way to do this, bootstrapping your contracts based on your desired network and connecting to your Ethereum client automatically per your project configuration.

To run an external script, perform the following:

$ truffle exec <path/to/file.js>

In order for external scripts to be run correctly, Truffle expects them to export a function that takes a single parameter as a callback:

module.exports = function(callback) {
  // perform actions
}

You can do anything you'd like within this script, so long as the callback is called when the script finishes. The callback accepts an error as its first and only parameter. If an error is provided, execution will halt and the process will return a non-zero exit code.

Third-party plugin commands

Note: This feature is new and still in a barebones state. Please let us know how we can improve it!

  1. Install the plugin from NPM.

    npm install --save-dev truffle-plugin-hello
    
  2. Add a plugins section to your Truffle config.

    module.exports = {
      /* ... rest of truffle-config */
    
      plugins: [
        "truffle-plugin-hello"
      ]
    }
    
  3. Run the command

    $ truffle run hello
    Hello, World!
    
  1. Implement the command as a Node module with a function as its default export.

    Example: hello.js

    /**
     * Outputs `Hello, World!` when running `truffle run hello`,
     * or `Hello, ${name}` when running `truffle run hello [name]`
     * @param {Config} config - A truffle-config object.
     * Has attributes like `truffle_directory`, `working_directory`, etc.
     */
    module.exports = async (config) => {
      // config._ has the command arguments.
      // config_[0] is the command name, e.g. "hello" here.
      // config_[1] starts remaining parameters.
      if (config.help) {
        console.log(`Usage: truffle run hello [name]`);
        done(null, [], []);    
        return;
      }
    
      let name = config._.length > 1 ? config._[1] : 'World!';
      console.log(`Hello, ${name}`);
    }
    
  2. Define a truffle-plugin.json file to specify the command. Example: truffle-plugin.json

    {
      "commands": {
        "hello": "hello.js"
      }
    }
    
  3. Publish to NPM

    npm publish